首页 > 专题2020 > 疫情防控中的特定群体权利保障国际网络研讨会 > 议题1 不让一个人掉队:确保特定群体在疫情下获得公共服务 >

林暖暖:疫情下弱势群体的人权保护——兼论民法典草案第1221条

2020-05-23 14:58:01来源:中国人权网

  由中国人权研究会指导,武汉大学人权研究院和奥斯陆城市大学社会工作系、日本立命馆大学生存学研究所、武汉东湖公益服务中心等机构合办的“疫情之下,没有孤岛——疫情防控中的特定群体权利保障”国际视频研讨会5月23日召开。来自中国、日本、英国、挪威、瑞典等国家和地区的20余名人权领域专家学者和社会组织代表参加研讨,100余人在线观摩。复旦大学法学院讲师林暖暖在“议题一 不让一个人掉队:确保特定群体在疫情下获得公共服务”作题为《疫情下弱势群体的人权保护——兼论民法典草案第1221条》的发言。以下为发言摘要:

  发言摘要:

  新冠疫情对弱势群体的冲击尤为剧烈。报道显示,在新冠疫情导致的死亡率中,80岁以上老人的死亡率高于全球平均死亡率5倍之多;而美国纽约残疾人因病毒感染罹患疾病的机率,以及死亡率均是普通群体的5倍。然而,在应对疫情的过程中,一些政策和诊疗措施日益偏离医学伦理,并与国际人权法的基本原则相抵牾,其危害性甚于疫情。在应对疫情的政策和措施中,最具争议的莫过于诸如美国等国家在分配急救性医疗资源时,对于弱势群体——特别是残疾人——采取了歧视性的分配举措,由此引发美国一些残疾人组织对联邦政府相关部门提出控告,而相关的医疗失职诉讼也将日益浮出水面。这些歧视性的政策和措施为我国弱势群体的人权保护提供了教训,并因此有助于我国人权学界基于弱势群体人权保护的视角,进一步完善中国民法典草案第1221条有关诊疗活动注意义务标准的规定。

Abstract

The ongoing COVID-19 Pandemic has a disparate impact on vulnerable populations. As reports show, the COVID-19 fatality rate for people over 80-years-old is five times the global average, and, in New York, persons with intellectual and developmental disabilities have proven to be five times more likely than the general population to develop COVID-19 and die from the virus. However, some responsive policies and medical practice dealing with the pandemic conflict with not only medical ethics but also the rules laid down by international human rights law. These responses have the potential to be more disruptive to societies than the disease itself. The most prominent examples of these controversial responses, as shown in some countries such as the United States, are discrimination against vulnerable groups, particularly those with disabilities, in the allocation of life-saving resources for handling the COVID-19 pandemic. In the United States, many vulnerable individuals and communities have filed federal complaints with authorities against discriminatory allocation criteria. It is expected that related medical malpractice litigations will emerge with the development of the epidemic in the near future. Reflecting on these discriminatory policies and measures offers insight into the controversies surrounding the establishment of standard of care in Article 1221 of The Chinese Draft Civil Code. 
 

\
林暖暖
Nuannuan LIN
 
  个人简介:

  林暖暖,法学博士,曾先后任教于澳大利亚纽卡斯尔大学法学院和澳大利亚迪肯大学法学院,现为复旦大学法学院讲师。主要研究领域包括医事法、健康医疗大数据监管、比较侵权法,以及非讼纠纷解决机制;研究成果发表于《中国社会科学》(中国社会科学院主办)、《哥伦比亚亚洲法》(美国哥伦比亚大学主办)、《联邦法律评论》(澳大利亚国立大学主办)、《生命伦理学研究》(澳大利亚与新西兰生命伦理与医事法学会主办)等国内外法学专业期刊。

Short bio

Nuannuan LIN is Assistant Professor in Law at the School of Law, Fudan University. Before joining Fudan University, she was an assistant professor working at the School of Law, Deakin University, and the School of Law, University of Newcastle. Dr. Lin’s research interests include Health Law, Comparative Tort Law, Big Data in Healthcare, and Alternative Dispute Resolution. Her articles have been published in leading legal journals, including The Social Sciences in China, Columbia Journal of Asian Law, Federal Law Review, Journal of Bioethical Inquiry, and Journal of Law and Medicine. 


分享:
收藏 复制 打印