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鲁尼·哈佛森:新冠疫情与社会保护:防止贫困及社会排斥

2020-05-23 14:21:27来源:中国人权网

  由中国人权研究会指导,武汉大学人权研究院和奥斯陆城市大学社会工作系、日本立命馆大学生存学研究所、武汉东湖公益服务中心等机构合办的“疫情之下,没有孤岛——疫情防控中的特定群体权利保障”国际视频研讨会5月23日召开。来自中国、日本、英国、挪威、瑞典等国家和地区的20余名人权领域专家学者和社会组织代表参加研讨,100余人在线观摩。奥斯陆城市大学社会工作、儿童福利与社会政策系教授鲁尼·哈佛森在会上作题为《新冠疫情与社会保护:防止贫困及社会排斥》的主旨发言,以下为发言摘要:

  发言摘要:

  新冠疫情让我们意识到综合性的社会保护体系的重要性,这种体系可以防止贫困及社会排斥。疫情对社会发生影响的后果目前还难以确定。但是,我们有理由相信,处于不安定生活中的人群更有可能受到危机的负面影响。这些群体面临更加不平等的健康风险。而且,“社交距离”、商业关停、失业上升的后果,也不是平等地分摊给社会成员,受到社会阶层、性别、残障等因素的影响。这次危机有可能加剧社会中的不平等,因此要求更多、更好的社会干预。然而,突如其来的经济衰退和正在累积的巨量债务,可能意味着社会开支方面的黯淡前景。为了减少贫困和社会排斥,需要哪些社会政策?对此,一些欧洲学者支持一种“社会投资视角”,而另外一些则倡导一种能力进路。

Abstract 

The Covid-19 pandemic reminds us about the importance of a comprehensive social protection system that is able to prevent poverty and social exclusion. The social consequences of the pandemic are still uncertain. Yet, we have reasons to believe that persons in precarious positions are more likely to be negatively affected by the crisis. Not only are the health risks unequally distributed in the population. The consequences of “social distancing”, close-down of businesses and increasing unemployment are unequally distributed in society (dependent among others on social class, gender and disability). The crisis is likely to deepen social inequalities, hence requiring even more and better social intervention. However, the sudden economic recession and the immense debt that is currently accumulating might announce a bleak future for social expenditure. What kind of social policies would be required to reduce the risks of poverty and social exclusion? While some European scholars have argued in favour of a “social investment perspective” others have advocated a capability approach. 

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鲁尼·哈佛森
Rune HALVORSEN

  个人简介:

  鲁尼·哈佛森现任(挪威)奥斯陆城市大学社会工作系教授。他是“地平线2020项目(弥补公民社会关系中的裂痕,培育欧洲社会复原力的新工具)”的科学召集人,北欧-欧洲社会政策分析网络的理事,复旦大学北欧中心理事。他自2017年以来与武汉大学张万洪教授、武汉东湖公益服务中心等合作,就挪威、中国的残障政策开展了系列交流活动。

Short bio

Rune HALVORSEN is Professor of Social Policy at Oslo Metropolitan University. He is the scientific coordinator of the Horizon 2020 project “Closing gaps in social citizenship. New tools to foster social resilience in Europe (EUROSHIP)”. He is a board member of the Nordic ESPAnet – Network for European Social Policy Analysis and a council member at the Nordic Centre, Fudan University, Shanghai. He has collaborated with Professor Wanhong ZHANG and Peng DING since 2017. Together with East-Lake Institute for Social Advancement, they are organizing a bilateral dialogue between Norway and China on disability policy.  Biao HE, co-author of the paper, is a research assistant at Oslo Metropolitan University. 

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