《以“公正”之名》第二集:《恩尼·沛根的冤狱》 - 微视频 - 中国人权网

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《以“公正”之名》第二集:《恩尼·沛根的冤狱》
2018-04-25 19:01:31   来源:央视网   作者:

  【同期】美国康涅狄格州纽黑文市居民  恩尼• 沛根
  “我是恩尼• 沛根,我坐了一年多的冤狱。” 
  “这座楼是我人生的转折点。”
  “我的生活从此改变了,彻底不一样了。如何看待事物,如何看待警察,如何看待这个社会,都变了。”
  【Sound Bite】Ernest Pagan , Resident of New Haven, Connecticut, US
I’m Ernest Pagan, spent over a year in my life in prison for a crime I didn’t commit. This is the building right here, the turning point of my life. My life forever changed after this job. It was never ever the same, how I look at life, how I look at situations, how I look at the police, how I look at the community.
 
  【正文】
  对36岁的纽黑文市居民恩尼• 沛根来说,这个停车场是他最为不堪回首的地方。
2007年2月2日,警察把正在这里干活儿的他逮捕,并指控他于一个多月前在当地一家酒吧外持枪打死一人,打伤一人。
  【VO】
   For 36-year-old New Haven resident Ernest Pagan, this parking lot is filled with painful memories. The police arrested him on 2 February 2007, while he was working. He was accused of shooting one man to death and wounding another man more than a month ago at a local bar. 
 
  【同期】美国康涅狄格州纽黑文市居民  恩尼• 沛根
   “他们对我胡说八道。而不是告诉我我拥有什么权利。他们只说:‘你不会再出来了,等着在里面做别人的男朋友吧。就是吓唬我。’”
  【Sound Bite】Ernest Pagan , Resident of New Haven, Connecticut, US
  He was more or less talking shit to me, instead of telling me about my right. Just like, “you’re never getting out again, Somebody’s gonna make you their boyfriend”, just stuff that tried to scare me.
 
  【正文】
  沛根说,案发当晚,他正在家里跟母亲和妹妹一起包装圣诞礼物。
  【VO】
  Pagan said he was wrapping Christmas gifts with his mother and sister at home the night when the crime took place. 
 
  【同期】美国康涅狄格州纽黑文市居民  恩尼• 沛根
   “我都不认识那个人(被害者)。我当时根本不在犯罪现场。”
  【Sound Bite】Ernest Pagan , Resident of New Haven, Connecticut, US
I didn’t even know the guy. I was nowhere around the crime or anything.
 
  【正文】 
  但是,两名负责案件调查的警员还是对沛根提出了谋杀罪和非法持枪等罪名的指控。如果罪名成立,沛根将面临至少60年的监禁。
  虽然并没有找到凶器或指纹等任何直接证据,但这并不意味着警方拿沛根没有办法。
  【VO】
  But the two officers investigating the case still pressed several charges against Pagan, including murder and illegal gun possession.
  Never had they found any direct evidence such as murder weapon or fingerprints, but the police had their own way to get Pagan’s confession.
 
  【同期】美国康涅狄格州纽黑文市居民  恩尼• 沛根
  “警察跟我说,有证人指认是我干的。我当时都惊呆了,以为是谁在搞恶作剧,在和我开玩笑。”
  【Sound Bite】Ernest Pagan , Resident of New Haven, Connecticut, US
  When they tell me they had witness that said I did it, I was really in shock. I thought this was… somebody was punking me, like this was a joke or something.
 
  【正文】
  当务之急是需要律师的帮助,但沛根负担不起数万美元的律师费。
  美国法律规定,刑事案件的被告如果请不起律师,法院必须为其指派一名律师免费为其辩护,即所谓的“公共辩护律师”。
  【VO】
  The top priority was to seek help from a lawyer, which cost tens of thousands of dollars. Pagan could not afford it.
  According to U.S. laws, if a defendant in a criminal case could not afford to hire a lawyer, the court must appoint one who represents the defendant for free. This is the so-called “public defender”.
 
  【同期】美国康涅狄格州纽黑文市居民  恩尼• 沛根
   “我生活的社区没人相信公辩律师。不花钱请律师是不会胜诉的。公辩律师是给州政府打工的,检察官也是给州政府打工的,他们会一起商量着给你多少刑期合适。”
  【Sound Bite】Ernest Pagan , Resident of New Haven, Connecticut, US
  My whole community did not trust public defenders. You don’t get to pay a lawyer, you can’t win. The public defenders are hired by the state. The prosecutors are hired by the state. They’re gonna work together to give you some time.
 
  【同期】美国耶鲁大学法学院教授  史帝文•杜克
  “民众不希望在为罪犯辩护上花钱。这是美国刑法体系中最严重的问题就是辩护律师资金短缺。如果一个公辩律师(每年)处理400到500个刑事犯罪案件的话,这些案件不可能得到应有的处理,绝对不可能。”
   【Sound Bite】Steven Duke, Yale Law School professor
  People generally do not want to spend a lot of money defending criminals. That is the worst problem in the American criminal justice system. And if the public defenders’ offices handle 400 or 500 felonies per lawyer, it’s impossible that all of those cases get adequate representation, absolutely impossible.
 
  【正文】
  纽黑文市的看守所里,面对警方连日审讯,虽然沛根坚持不认罪,但没钱聘请律师让他难以自救。
  【VO】
  Pagan was detained in a jail in New Haven and interrogated by the police day after day. Although he insisted that he wasn’t guilty, it was hardly possible for him to save himself because he couldn’t afford to hire a lawyer.
 
  【同期】美国耶鲁大学法学院教授  史帝文•杜克
  “警察审问了他三天,想让他认罪,但他拒不认罪。大多数有罪的人早就认罪了,不会撑上三天。”
  【Sound Bite】Steven Duke, Yale Law School professor
  They tried for three days to get Mr. Pagan to confess. He refused to confess. Most guilty people would have confessed. It wouldn’t have taken 3 days. 
 
  【正文】
  案件被重新审理,几经周折,警方栽赃的事实终于浮出水面。
  【VO】
  The case went through a retrial. After several twists and turns, it was revealed that the police deliberately shifted blames on Pagan.  
 
  【同期】纽黑文市法院公辩律师办公室负责人  汤姆•厄尔曼
  “两名负责案件调查的警员以欺骗的方式向目击者提供照片,篡改目击者的证词,以错误的询问方式进行取证,  包括目击者当时的位置,是否整晚都在喝酒,到底看到了什么。所有目击者都被暗示去指认沛根的照片。
  【Sound Bite】 Thomas Ullman, Chief of the New Haven Public Defender’s Office
  The 2 detectives that were involved in the case were lying about how they presented photographs to witnesses, what the witnessed had actually observed, how they failed to ask the right questions about where people were standing, whether they were drinking all night, what they had actually seen. But all of those witnessed testified that the police had suggested which photo to pick out, which was Mr. Pagan’s photo.
 
  【正文】
  2008年3月,无辜羁押了一年多的沛根被无罪释放。
   【VO】
  In March 2008, Pagan was acquitted after he was wrongfully imprisoned for more than a year.
 
  【同期】美国康涅狄格州纽黑文市居民  恩尼• 沛根
  “我真的认为是上天眷顾我,否则我就会和很多无罪的人一样被关在监狱,就因为某些原因,而这都是警察只为了结案,执法不公正造成的。”
  【Sound Bite】Ernest Pagan , Resident of New Haven, Connecticut, US
  I believe in my heart if I wasn’t blessed like how I was blessed, I will be sitting in prison with so many other people who are innocent, basically in jail just because circumstances, and police not really caring about justice but just closing the case.
 
  【正文】
  沛根虽重获自由,但两名涉案警员没有受到任何处罚。
   【VO】
  Pagan regained his freedom, but the two officers involved were not held accountable in any way.
 
  【同期】美国康涅狄格州纽黑文市居民  恩尼• 沛根
  “你从来不会听到警察站出来谴责自己的人。他们狼狈为奸,就像黑帮一样。”
  “很多时候,没钱的白人犯罪后,警察会逮捕他,但他至少能被送进监狱。在黑人社区,能被送进监狱是幸运的,因为警察会把你当街打死。”
  【Sound Bite】Ernest Pagan , Resident of New Haven, Connecticut, US
  You never hear the police come out and condemn one another. They’re basically like a gang. They stick  together in that blue wall.
  【Sound Bite】Ernest Pagan , Resident of New Haven, Connecticut, US
How many times a white guy, poor guy committed a crime, they’ll go get him. But usually he’ll make it to prison. In the black community right now, you’re lucky if you make it to prison. They’ll kill you right here on the street.
 


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